Infrastructure has traditionally meant roads, bridges, electricity and water delivery systems. As cities continue to implement smart city initiatives, the definition of infrastructure is changing.

Cities are now looking at Internet and data as basic forms of infrastructure. Broadband is being called the fourth utility, and many cities—including Ventura—are studying the viability of investing in high-speed fiber networks. Other cities are further along in their efforts, such as San Francisco, Santa Monica, or Chattanooga, Tennessee.

As connectivity grows, the viability of smart city projects improves. However, these projects must have a direct correlation to city performance and outcomes that help citizens.